Informal and Formal Words List

50 Formal and Informal Words List

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50 Formal and Informal Words List! English has two types of words – formal and informal. You need to use the right type of word in the right situation to sound natural. This list includes 50 formal and informal words so you can be sure to use the right one. Let’s get started!

ESL students often have trouble knowing when to use formal or informal words. This can make them sound awkward when they speak English. The good news is that there is a simple way to remember which word to use. The list below includes 50 formal and informal words so you can be sure to use the right one!

Let us discuss these term:

What is Formal?

Formal is defined as “relating to a form or structure”. In terms of language, this means using words in their proper, correct form. Formal language is often found in writing, such as books, newspapers, and essays. It is also used in business and professional settings, such as work meetings and job interviews.

What is Informal?

In contrast, informal language is more relaxed and natural. It is often used in everyday conversations with friends and family. Informal words are usually shorter and less complicated than their formal counterparts.

Now that we have a basic understanding of the difference between formal and informal words, let’s take a look at the list!

Formal and Informal Words in English

Informal words Formal words
ring up call
Sorry apologies
show up arrive
keep retain
stand for represent
get in touch with contact
put off delay
let permit
need to required
point out indicate
rack up accumulate
find out ascertain
free release
look at examine
put up tolerate
make up fabricate
show illustrate
It’s about It concerns
start commence
buy purchase
think about consider
leave out omit
get obtain
set up establish
seem appear

 

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Here is the list of common formal and informal words:

  • Call off ~ Cancel
  • Help ~ Aid/ Assist
  • Hit out at ~ Criticize
  • Put up with ~ Tolerate
  • Sweat ~ Perspiration
  • A lot of ~ Numerous
  • Check ~ Verify
  • Climb ~ Ascend
  • Live ~ Reside
  • Sick ~ Ill
  • Blow up ~ Explode
  • Choose ~ Select
  • Come in ~ Enter
  • Give out ~ Distribute
  • Go up ~ Increase
  • Look into ~ Investigate
  • Pin down ~ Determine
  • Put/ set down ~ Deposit
  • Speed up ~ Accelerate
  • Wait for ~ Await
  • Ask ~ Enquire
  • Childish ~ Infantile
  • Hopeless ~ Futile
  • Lead to ~ Cause
  • Stop ~ Cease
  • By ~ By means of
  • Come after ~ Follow
  • Go out of ~ Exit
  • Okay, ok ~ Acceptable
  • Seem ~ Appear
  • Buy ~ Purchase
  • Good for ~ Beneficial
  • Good looking ~ Attractive
  • See ~ Perceive
  • Want/ hope ~ Desire
  • Ask out ~ Invite
  • Dirty/ polluted ~ Contaminated
  • Free ~ Liberate
  • Put in ~ Insert
  • Think of ~ Conceive
  • A Bit ~ A Little
  • Explain ~ Disclose
  • Get by ~ Survive
  • Link up ~ Connect
  • Settle for ~ Choose
  • Afraid ~ Fearful
  • End ~ Terminate/ Finish
  • Go ahead ~ Proceed
  • Maybe ~ Perhaps
  • Throw away ~ Discard
  • Ease ~ Facilitate
  • Get ~ Obtain
  • Leave out ~ Omit
  • Remove ~ Eliminate
  • Try ~ Endeavour
  • Chance ~ Opportunity
  • Happy ~ Pleased
  • Hurry ~ Haste, hasten
  • Show ~ Demonstrate
  • Wrong ~ Incorrect
  • Also ~ In addition, additionally
  • Break off ~ Suspend/adjourn
  • Go against ~ Oppose
  • Need ~ Require
  • Tell ~ Inform
  • At once ~ Immediately
  • Expect ~ Anticipate
  • Lively ~ Energetic
  • Older ~ Senior
  • Use ~ Utilize
  • Dad ~ Father
  • Describe ~ Depict
  • In charge of ~ Responsible
  • Put off ~ Postpone
  • Thanks ~ Gratitude
  • Avoid ~ Evade
  • Get away ~ Elude
  • Good ~ Positive
  • Pay back ~ Repay
  • Small ~ Diminutive
  • Also In ~ Addition,
  • Come up to ~ Reach/attain
  • Deal with ~ Handle
  • Look up to ~ Respect
  • So ~ Therefore
  • Ask for ~ Request
  • Danger ~ Peril
  • Find out ~ Learn/Discover
  • Over ~ At an end
  • Take out ~ Remove
  • Again & again ~ Repeatedly
  • Brave ~ Courageous
  • Go ~ Depart
  • Make out ~ Discern
  • Round ~ Circular
  • Book ~ Reserve
  • Eager ~ Avid
  • Imagine ~ Envisage
  • Naked ~ Nude
  • Worse ~ Inferior
  • Bad ~ Negative
  • Clothes ~ Garment
  • Iron out ~ Solve/overcome
  • Kids ~ Children
  • Talk into ~ Persuade
  • Away ~ Absent
  • Complex ~ Convoluted
  • Hurt ~ Damage, harm
  • Let ~ Allow
  • Talk about ~ Discuss/consider
  • Dare ~ Challenge
  • Fight ~ Combat
  • Look at ~ Regard
  • Pick up ~ Collect
  • At First ~ Initially
  • Bring in ~ Introduce
  • Go away ~ Leave/ depart
  • Right ~ Correct
  • Wood ~ Timber
  • Call on ~ Visit
  • Help ~ Assist
  • Keep ~ Preserve
  • Rack up ~ Accumulate
  • Test ~ Experiment
  • Beat up ~ Assault
  • Break out ~ Erupt
  • Friendly ~ Amiable
  • Make up ~ Invent
  • Point out ~ Indicate
  • Block ~ Undermine
  • Dim ~ Indistinct
  • Idea ~ Notion
  • Mainly ~ Principally
  • Use/Eat ~ Consume
  • A bit ~ A little
  • Catch up ~ Understand
  • Childish ~ Immature
  • Go through ~ Examine
  • See ~ Observe
  • Better ~ Improved
  • Drop out of ~ Withdraw (from)
  • Job ~ Occupation
  • Let ~ Permit
  • Think about ~ Consider
  • Ask ~ Enquire
  • Funny ~ Humorous, amusing
  • Go down ~ Decrease
  • Old ~ Elderly
  • Sight ~ Vision
  • Death ~ Demise
  • Get out ~ Escape
  • Lucky ~ Fortunate
  • Really big ~ Considerable
  • At first ~ Initially
  • Enjoyment ~ Gratification
  • Go on ~ Continue
  • Next/later ~ Subsequently
  • Try out ~ Test
  • Afraid ~ Fearful
  • Empty ~ Vacant
  • Give ~ Provide
  • Marvelous ~ Exceptional
  • Set out ~ Display
  • Big/Large ~ Enormous
  • End ~ Terminate
  • Look for ~ Seek
  • Look like ~ Resemble
  • Whole ~ Entire/Complete
  • Break down ~ Fail/Collapse
  • Build ~ Construct
  • Go before ~ Precede
  • Say sorry ~ Apologies
  • Young ~ Youthful
  • Avoid ~ Evade
  • Free ~ Release
  • Get ~ Receive
  • Say ~ Express
  • Throw out ~ Eject
  • Anyways ~ Nevertheless
  • Can ~ Is capable of
  • Here ~ Present
  • Laid back ~ Relaxed
  • Start/ Begin ~ Commence
  • Ask For ~ Request
  • Boss ~ Employer
  • Fork out ~ Pay (money)
  • Mad ~ Insane
  • Make up ~ Fabricate
  • Cheap ~ Inexpensive
  • Enough ~ Sufficient
  • Kidding ~ Jesting
  • Need ~ Request
  • Deal with ~ Manage
  • Fall out ~ Quarrel
  • Lack ~ Deficiency
  • Refer to ~ Consult
  • Tough ~ Difficult
  • Avoid ~ Evade
  • Give ~ Donate
  • Give up ~ Quit
  • Say no ~ Reject
  • Tired ~ Exhausted/ Fatigued
  • Bright/smart ~ Intelligent
  • But ~ However
  • Go after ~ Pursue
  • Mend ~ Repair
  • Rich ~ Wealthy
  • Again & Again ~ Repeatedly
  • Clear ~ Transparent
  • Hungry ~ Famished
  • In the end ~ Finally
  • Stubborn ~ Obstinate

 


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