English Health and Illness Words, Vocabulary List

Health and Illness Words

Do you know the English words for common health and illness problems? Do you know what to say if you need to see a doctor?

Learning the vocabulary for health and illness in English can help you communicate more effectively with your doctor, or understand instructions from a medical professional. It can also help you feel more confident when discussing your health with others.

In this blog post, we’ll share a list of essential English health and illness vocabulary. Whether you’re just starting to learn English, or are looking to expand your existing knowledge, this list will be helpful. So let’s get started!

Health problems:

  • Back pain
  • Chest pain
  • Chronic pain
  • Cold
  • Cough
  • Diabetes
  • Epilepsy
  • Fever
  • Heart attack
  • Heart failure
  • Hypertension (high blood pressure)
  • Influenza (the flu)
  • Insomnia
  • Joint pain
  • Laryngitis
  • Migraine headache
  • Nausea
  • Neck pain
  • Norovirus (a stomach virus)
  • Osteoporosis
  • Pneumonia
  • Sinus infection
  • Stroke
  • Urinary tract infection (UTI)

Vision problems:

  • Blurred vision
  • Double vision
  • Eyesight problems/vision impairment
  • Glaucoma

Illnesses:

  • Cancer
  • HIV/AIDS

Mental health conditions:

  • Anxiety
  • Bipolar disorder
  • Depression
  • Eating disorders
  • Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
  • Schizophrenia

There are many other health and illness problems not listed here. But this should give you a good start on understanding and using English health and illness vocabulary. Do you have any questions about these terms? Or are there any other words you would like to add to the list? Let us know in the comments below!

Health and Illness Vocabulary

  • hurt
  • chickenpox
  • pass out
  • blow one’s nose
  • have a sore throat
  • throw up
  • wheelchair
  • medicine
  • have constipation
  • painful
  • doctor
  • have spots
  • feel good
  • be constipated
  • ulcer
  • feel dizzy
  • painless
  • swell
  • family doctor
  • pill
  • blood
  • get burnt
  • vaccine
  • have toothache
  • cough
  • sneeze
  • band aid
  • feel sick
  • crutch
  • hospital
  • faint
  • be exhausted
  • suffer from
  • be tired
  • heart attack
  • have a temperature
  • plaster
  • smallpox
  • have earache
  • catch a cold
  • asthma
  • nurse
  • get a bruise
  • twist one’s ankle
  • have diarrhoea
  • heart disease
  • flu
  • wound
  • be allergic to
  • mumps
  • have a headache
  • have backache
  • take an aspirin
  • have a cold
  • hepatitis
  • vomit
  • have a stomach ache
  • have a rash
  • bandage
  • have a cough
  • injection
  • injury
  • prescription
  • take a medicine

Download illness vocabulary list in PDF

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