If Clause Table, Type 0,1,2,3 Structure and Examples

If Clause Table, Type 0,1,2,3

If Clause Table, Type 0,1,2,3! ESL students, have you ever wondered what the different types of ‘if’ clauses are? In this post, we will take a look at each type and give some examples. Keep reading to learn more about! ‘if’ clauses in English!

If Clause, Type 0,1,2,3

Type 0: If + present tense, will/can/may/might + infinitive without to

Examples:

  • If you heat ice, it will melt.
  • If you put salt on a snail, it will die.

Type 1: If + present tense, present tense

Examples:

  • If you study hard, you will pass your exams.
  • If I have time, I will visit my grandparents.

Type 2: If + past tense, would/could/should + infinitive without to

Examples:

  • If I won the lottery, I would buy a house.
  • If it rained tomorrow, we could go to the park.

Type 3: If + past perfect tense, would/could/should + have + past participle

Examples:

  • If I had known her phone number, I would have called her.
  • If we had gone out last night, we could have seen the shooting stars.

If Clause Table

If Clause Main Clause
Zero Conditional Sentence – Type I
Present Indefinite Tense Present Indefinite Tense
First Conditional Sentence (Present Tense/Future Tense)
Present Indefinite Tense Future Indefinite Tense(will + infinitive)
Present Indefinite Tense Modal Verb + infinitive
Present Indefinite Tense Imperative
Present Continuous Tense Future Indefinite Tense (will + infinitive)
Second Conditional Sentence (Present Tense/Future Tense)
Past Indefinite Tense Conditional Simple (would + infinitive)
Past Indefinite Tense Modal Verb + infinitive
Third Conditional Sentence (Past Tense)
Past Perfect Tense (had + past participle) Conditional Perfect (would + have + past participle)
Past Perfect Tense (had + past participle) Modal Verb + have + past participle
Mixed Conditional Sentence (Past action, present result)
Past Perfect Tense (had + past participle) Modal Verb + infinitive
Past Perfect Tense (had + past participle) Conditional Simple (would + infinitive)