Relative Pronouns

Relative Pronouns, Definition and Example Sentences

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Relative Pronouns, Definition and Example Sentences! Relative pronouns are words that link one part of a sentence to another. They can connect a noun to another noun, or a pronoun to another pronoun. There are six relative pronouns in English: who, whom, which, why, when, where. Each one has a specific function in a sentence. In this blog post, we’ll take a closer look at each one and learn how to use them correctly. Let’s get started!

What are the relative pronouns?

The relative pronouns are words that link one part of a sentence to another. They can connect a noun to another noun, or a pronoun to another pronoun. There are six relative pronouns in English: who, whom, which, why, when, where. Each one has a specific function in a sentence. In this blog post, we’ll take a closer look at each one and learn how to use them correctly.

1) Who

‘Who’ is used to identify people or things.

For example:

  • I’m looking for the person who left their coat on the chair.
  • The book that I’m reading is about World War II.

In these examples, “who” is used to refer to the people who left their coats on the chairs, and “that” is used to refer to the book about World War II.

2) Whom

‘Whom’ is used to identify people or things, but it is considered more formal than ‘who’.

For example:

  • To whom it may concern,
  • The teacher whom I spoke to was very helpful.

In these examples, “whom” is used to refer to the people who left their coats on the chairs, and “that” is used to refer to the book about World War II.

3) Which

‘Which’ is used to identify animals or things.

For example:

  • I have a dog which I take for walks every day.
  • I bought a new car which is very expensive.

In these examples, “which” is used to refer to the dog and the new car.

4) Why

‘Why’ is used to ask for clarification about something that has been said.

For example:

A: I’m going on vacation next month.

B: Why?

In this example, “why” is used to ask for clarification about the person’s plans for vacation.

5) When

‘When’ is used to ask about time.

For example:

A: I’m going to the store. Do you want anything?

B: When are you going?

In this example, “when” is used to ask the person when they are going to the store.

6) Where

‘Where’ is used to ask about location.

For example:

A: I’m going to the store.

B: Where is the store?

In this example, “where” is used to ask the person where the store is located.

How to use relative pronouns correctly?

Now that we know what the relative pronouns are, let’s take a look at how to use them correctly. In general, relative pronouns go in the middle of a sentence, after the noun or pronoun they are referring to. For example:

  • The book that I’m reading is about World War II.
  • I have a dog which I take for walks every day.

Relative Pronouns Table

Why Refers reason I know why the girls were making noise tomorrow.
Whose Refers possession The man whose pen just dropped should go out.
Whom Relates to Object He saw the kind faces of those whom he loved.
Who Relates to Subject The Teacher who teaches science is from china.
Which Related to objects and animals Now you need shoes—but which ones?
Where Deal with places This is the place where I have seen him.
When Deal with time Today is the day when she will come to the resort.
That Related to people, things, and animals He is the man who drank my juice.

 


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