Rules of Pronouns in English Grammar pdf

Rules of Pronouns in English Grammar PDF!

What is the most important rule of Pronoun?

One should never begin a sentence with a pronoun; some noun must first be used and then a pronoun should be used in place of it. Students often commit this blunder. A fresh paragraph must also be begun with a noun and not with a pronoun.

Rules of Pronouns in English Grammar

Here are 14 different rules of the pronoun in English Grammar with examples:

Rule No. 1

Since a Pronoun is used in place of a noun, it must be of the same number, person, and gender.

Examples

  • All the boys must open their books.
  • She is doing her work.
  • Every man must bear his own burden.
  • You should mind your own business.
  • Each of the girls gave her own version of the affair.
  • They would not sell their votes.
  • He and his friend have done their duty.
  • I am not of those who believe everything they hear.

 

Rule No. 2

When the indefinite pronoun “one” is the subject in a sentence, it must be followed by “one” or “one’s” throughout and not “his” or “him”.

Examples

Incorrect: One should never forget his old friends.

Correct: One should never forget one’s old friends.

Rule No. 3

However, “each one”, “everyone”, “someone”, “anyone”, “anybody”, “everybody” etc. are followed by “his” or “him” and not by “one”.

Examples

Incorrect: Everyone should take care of one’s health.

Correct: Everyone should take care of his health.

Rule No. 4

When two or more singular nouns are joined by land’ the pronoun used for them must be plural.

Examples

  • John and Joe are doing …..
  • Elena and Gilbert are going to …..
  • Rima and John are class fellows and they are good friends.

Rule No. 5

When two or more nouns are joined by ‘and’ and they refer to the same person or thing in ‘singular number’ the personal pronoun must be in the singular number.

Examples

  • The principal and Warden are not doing their duty. (not there because the principal and warden is one person).
  • The Principal, head of the institution and guide of the students, commands great respect for his reputation.
  • The poet and philosopher impressed his audience.

Rule No. 6

When the singular nouns joined by ‘and’ are preceded by ‘each’ and ‘every’, the pronoun must be singular, and should agree in gender with the second noun (i.e. the noun which is nearest to the pronoun).

Examples

  • Every soldier and every sailor was in his place. (not their)
  • Each woman and each girl was in her place. (not their)
  • Each boy and each girl went to her house.
  • Every mother and son will do his best for the nation.

Rule No. 7

When two or more singular nouns are joined by ‘or’ or ‘either…or, ‘neither…nor’, the Pronoun used for them must be singular.

examples

Incorrect: Elena or John must give me their book.

Correct: Elena or John must give me his book.

Incorrect: Either John or Joe forgot to take their bag.

Correct: Either John or Joe forgot to take her bag.

 

Incorrect: Neither John nor Joe has prepared their lesson.

Correct: Either John nor Joe has prepared his lesson.

Rule no 8

When a plural noun and a singular noun are joined by ‘or’, or ‘either…or’, ‘neither… or’, the pronoun must be in agreement with the nearest noun.

Examples

  • Either the manager or his assistants failed in their duty.
  • Neither the teacher nor the students took interest in their work.
  • Either the postmaster or his servants failed in their duty.
  • Either you or he has lost his purse.

Rule No. 9

A pronoun used for a Collective Noun must be in the singular number, neuter, gender.

Examples:

  • The class was doing its work silently.
  • The army had to suffer much in its march.
  • The jury was unanimous in its decision.
  • The committee is holding its meeting.

Note: However, if the Collective Noun is a Noun of Multitude, i.e. if it has been used not for the whole group but for its members separately, the pronoun used for it must be plural. For example:

  • The jury was divided in their opinion.

(Here their’ and not ‘it’ has been used because the individual members of the jury are meant.)

  • The class gave their votes to suitable candidates.

Rule No. 10

If Pronouns of, different persons are to be used together in a sentence. Provided the sense in the sentence is good or normal, the serial order of persons

You + he + I

Examples

  • You, he, and l have common interests.
  • You, he, and I must work together.
  • You and I are great friends.

Rule No. 11

When a pronoun refers to more than one noun or pronoun of different persons, it must be of the First Person Plural in preference to the Second Person and of the Second Person in preference to the Third Person.

  • You and I have done our duty.
  • You John and I have done our duty.
  • You and John have finished your work.
  • He and John love our motherland.

Rule No. 12

When two pronouns are connected by ‘and’, they must be in the same case.

Examples

Incorrect: These presents are for you and l.

Correct: These presents are for you and me.

Incorrect: My uncle asked my brother and I for dinner.

Correct: My uncle asked my brother and me for dinner.

Incorrect: Nobody can do this but (except) he.

Correct: Nobody can do this but (except) him.

Incorrect: Let you and I go for a walk.

Correct: Let you and me go for a walk.

Must Learn: Rules of Article in English

Rule No. 13

Pronouns after ‘let’ and ‘between’ should always be in the Objective Case.

Examples

Incorrect: Let he and she do this.

Correct: Let him and her do this.

Incorrect: Let go there.

Correct: Let me go there.

Incorrect: Between you and I, he is a poor man.

Correct: Between you and me, he is a poor man.

Rule No. 14

The pronouns after ‘as’ and ‘than’ are usually of Nominative Case. However it is not 100% rigidity. It all depends upon the sense in the sentence.

Must Learn: Rules of Gerund in English

Pronoun Chart in English Grammar

 

Subject

Object

Possessive Adjectives

Possessive Pronoun

Reflexive Pronoun

1st Person

I

Me

My

Mine

Myself

2nd Person

You

You

Your

Yours

Yourself

3rd Person

(male)

He

Him

His

His

Himself

3rd Person

(female)

She

Her

Her

Hers

Herself

3rd Person

It

It

Its

Its

Itself

1st Person

(Plural)

 

We

Us

Our

Ours

Ourselves

2nd Person

(Plural)

 

You

You

Your

Yours

Yourselves

3rd Person

(Plural)

 

They

Them

Their

Theirs

Themselves

 

What are the 13 pronouns?

13 Pronouns are I, we, they, you, he, she, it, me, it, who, someone, everybody, each. Pronouns are words that take the place of a noun in a sentence.

What are the 10 types of pronouns?

1. Demonstrative Pronouns
2. Distributive Pronouns
3. Emphatic Pronouns
4. Exclamatory Pronouns.
5. Indefinite Pronouns
6. Interrogative Pronouns
7. Personal Pronouns
8. Reciprocal Pronouns
9. Reflexive Pronouns
10. Relative Pronouns

What is the main purpose of a pronoun?

The main purpose of a pronoun is to avoid repetition of the noun while making a sentence. Basically, the purpose of a pronoun is to take place of nouns. Pronouns that are of common use are he, she, it, I, we, they, and you.

Infographics (Rules of Pronouns in English Grammar)

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