50 Examples of Suffixes and Prefixes PDF with Infographics

prefixes and suffixes pdf

Suffixes and Prefixes PDF!

Suffixes and Prefixes

Think of the 26 common suffixes that follow as clues to the meanings of words, however, bear in mind that the meanings of words are best determined by studying the contexts in which they are used as well as the construction of the words themselves.

What are Suffixes in English?

The suffix is basically a set of letters like ‘ly’ and ‘tion’ to form a different word, usually of a different word class. A suffix is a very basic lesson for English learners and learning suffixes will change your concept of viewing words after learning you will be more confident. i.e. the prefix ‘homo-‘ and the suffix ‘nym’ makes the word homonym.

Here are some examples of Suffixes:

  • Concession
  • Fellowship
  • Sadness

What are Prefixes in English?

Prefixes are the letters that sit before a stem to make new words. These letters are also called affixes. Affixes generally have no meaning on their own but can form meaningful words by sitting before/after the stems.

Here are some examples of Prefixes:

  • Diameter
  • Disappear

Also Learn: 25 Useful Prefixes List in English

Noun Suffixes




-sion, -tion state of being concession, transition, abbreviation
-ship position held fellowship, ownership, kinship, internship
-ness state of being heaviness, sadness, rudeness, testiness
-ment condition of argument, endorsement, punishment
-ity, -ty quality of inactivity, veracity, parity, serenity
-ist one who chemist, narcissist, plagiarist
-ism doctrine, belief communism, narcissism, skepticism
-er, -or one who trainer, protector, the narrator
-dom state of being freedom, kingdom, boredom
-ance, -ence state or quality maintenance, eminence, assurance
-al act or process of refusal, recital, rebuttal
-acy state or quality privacy, fallacy, delicacy

suffixes and prefixes

Verb Suffixes




-ize, -ise* become civilize, humanize, socialize, valorize
-ify, -fy make or become terrify, satisfy, rectify, exemplify
-en become enlighten, awaken, strengthen
-ate become regulate, eradicate, enunciate, repudiate


Adverb Suffixes




-ly in what manner something is being done bravely, simply, honestly, gladly
-ward in a certain direction backward, wayward, awkward, afterward
-wise in relation to  clockwise, edgewise, lengthwise, otherwise

suffixes and prefixes

Adjective Suffixes




-y characterized by sleazy, hasty, greasy, nerdy, smelly
-less without endless, ageless, lawless, effortless
-ive having the nature of creative, punitive, divisive, decisive
-ish having the quality of fiendish, childish, snobbish
-ious, -ous characterized by nutritious, portentous, studious
-ic, -ical pertaining to musical, mythic, domestic, chiastic
-ful notable for fanciful, resentful, woeful, doubtful
-esque reminiscent of picturesque, statuesque, burlesque
-al pertaining to regional, grammatical, emotional, coastal
-able, -ible capable of being edible, presentable, abominable, credible
  • adjective suffixes with meaning and example

List of Common Prefixes

Here are some common Prefixes in English:

Prefix Meaning Example
be about, become befriend
post- after post-mortem, postpone, post-natal
re- again return, reiterate, reunite, rebuilt
contra against contradict
anti- against, opposing antidepressant, antidote, antibody
omni- all, every omnivore, omnipotent
circum- around circumvent, circumnavigate
a at, in, on, to asleep
dys bad, abnormal dysfunction
ante before Antecedent, antelope, antefixa
ante- before antenatal, antedate
Fore- Before Forecast, foresight
pre- before prefix, predetermine
Pre- Before Prefix, preschool
infra- beneath, below infrared, infrasonic, infraspecific
para- beside paramedic, paradox
inter-, intra- between intermediate, intergalactic, intranet
extra- beyond, more than extraordinary, extra-terrestrial
ambi both Ambidextrous, ambient
Em- Cause to Embrace, emphasis
En- Cause to Encode, encounter
em-, en- cause to, put into encode, embed, enclose, engulf
arch chief, most important Archangel, arch-nemesis
equi equal equidistant
ex- former, out of ex-boyfriend, exterminate
ab from, away Abnormal, absorb, abstain
bene good benevolent
demi half Demigod, decode, debug
semi- half semi-final, semiconscious, semicircle

List of Important Prefixes – Image

List of prefixes

Prefix Meaning Example
therm- heat thermometer, thermostat, thermodynamic
Im- İn Imbalance
In- İn Infield, infiltrate
endo internal endocrine
im-, in- into insert, import, inside
macro- large macroeconomics, macromolecule
mid- middle midway, midsummer
il-, im-, in-, ir- not illegal, irresponsible, indefinite
In-, im-, il-, ir- Not Injustice, impossible, irregular
Un- Not Unfriendly, unsatisfied
a not, without abyss
non- not, without nonsense, nonentity, nondescript
de- off, down, away from defrost, derail, demotivate
mono- one, singular monobrow, monolithic
counter opposite counterclockwise
Over- Over Overlook, overdue
hyper- over, above hyperactive, hyperventilate
ethno race, nation ethnography
homo- same homonuclear, homoplastic
auto self automobile
deca ten decathlon
tri- three triangle, tripod, tricycle
dia through, across diameter
en to cause, provide enable
at to, toward attend
ad to, toward, near Adjacent, adjoin, adsorb
di two divert
bi two, twice Biannual, bishop
Sub- Under Subeditor, subterranean
sub- under submarine, sub-category, subtitle
Under- Under Understand, undersea
epi- upon, close to, after episcope, epidermis
co- with co-pilot, co-operation
con with, jointly concur
co with, together coexist
mis- wrongly misinterpret, misfire, mistake, misunderstand

List of Important Prefixes (Infographics)

  • list of prefixes a to z Suffixes and Prefixes PDF

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Download Complete Suffixes List PDF

Download complete List of Prefixes PDF