Types of Adjectives in English Grammar pdf

Types of Adjectives in English Grammar pdf!

What are Adjectives in English Grammar?

Adjectives are words that describe nouns (or pronouns). Adjectives describe the quality of some person, place or a thing. 

Examples:

  • Beautiful
  • Meaningless
  • She lives in a beautiful house.
  • Your arguments are meaningless to me.

Types of Adjectives in English Grammar

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There are eight types of Adjectives in English grammar.

  1. Adjectives of Quality
  2. Adjectives of Quantity
  3. Numeral Adjectives
  4. Demonstrative Adjectives
  5. Indefinite Adjectives
  6. Interrogative Adjectives
  7. Possessive Adjectives
  8. Proper Adjectives

Let us discuss them one by one!

ADJECTIVES OF QUALITY

Adjectives of quality refer to the kind, degree, or quality of something. Sometimes, adjectives of quality are called descriptive adjectives.

Examples

  • New York is a large city.
  • John is a brave boy.
  • Elena is a wise lady.
  • I live in a small house.
  • She wears a black cap of quality

Note: These adjectives are used in two ways.

Examples

  1. Attributively
  2. Predicatively

NOTE: When the Adjective is placed just before the noun it qualifies, it is said to have been used attributively. Examples

  • Habib is an old man.
  • Jazz like a red rose.

NOTE: When the Adjective is placed after a linking verb in the predicate part of a sentence, it is said to have been used predicatively. It is then a subject complement.

Examples

  • My father is old.
  • This rose is red.

ADJECTIVES OF QUANTITY

NOTE: These show the quantity or degree or magnitude of a thing. Adjectives of quantity tell how much of a thing is meant.

Most, little, a little, some, all, both, sufficient, enough, half, any, whole, great, much, no.

Examples

  • The child took some milk.
  • There is not sufficient light in the rooms.
  • A little knowledge is dangerous.
  • I can’t give you any milk.
  • The whole city was destroyed by the Atom bomb.
  • Is there any sense in what she says?
  • Take great care of your character in this evil-ridden society.
  • You have no sense.
  • He claimed his half share of the booty.
  • The whole sum was expended.
  • She displayed much endurance.
  • He has lost all his ill-gotten wealth.
  • A few boys were sitting in the room.

NUMERAL ADJECTIVES

These are the adjectives that tell how many persons or things are meant or in order, a person or thing stands. Few, a few, no, many, all, some, most, several, one, two, three, first, second, etc.

Examples

  • I have two pens.
  • Have you received any letters today?
  • There are six students in the class
  • There is a slip between the cut and the tip.
  • She got first division in the examination.
  • Sunday is the third day of the week.
  • Few cats like cold water.
  • All men must die.
  • Here are some ripe mangoes.
  • Meg! Boy’s tike cricket.
  • There are several mistakes in your exercise.

Definite Numeral Adjectives

These show the exact number or serial code of a person or things.

Examples

(a) Cardinals: One, two, three, five, eleven, etc.

(b) Ordinals: First, second, third, tenth, twentieth are indefinite Numeral Adjectives

These do not show an exact number.

Examples

Ali, some, many, any, certain, several, sundry, few, I.

  • All political parties die at last.
  • You have missed several points in your speech.

DEMONSTRATIVE ADJECTIVES

Demonstrative adjectives are special adjectives or determiners used to identify or express the relative position of a noun in time or space.

Examples

  • This box is very heavy.
  • These girls have curly hair and blue eyes.
  • Those leaders have always betrayed the nation.
  • The two brothers are in the same class.
  • I hate such an attitude.

DISTRIBUTIVE ADJECTIVES

These are the adjectives that show that things are taken separately.

Examples

  • Each pen costs five rupees.
  • Either John or Joe will have to do it.
  • On either side is narrow.

INTERROGATIVE ADJECTIVES

An interrogative adjective describes a noun that is used in a question. Interrogative adjectives include the following words: what, which, whose.

Examples

  • What places would you like to visit?
  • What book is this?
  • Which course of action will he choose?
  • Whose pen is this?
  • Whose purpose is served by our creation?
  • Every boy was given some sweets.
  • Which fruit do you like most?

POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVES

A word that indicates the possession of the noun to a person/a few people. The possessive adjectives are my, our, your, his, their, her, and its.

Examples

  • This is your house.
  • This is a book.
  • We have achieved our goals.
  • This tree sheds its leaves in autumn.

PROPER ADJECTIVES

These adjectives are formed from proper nouns.

Examples

  • He deals in Persian rugs.
  • Alex is an Australian player.
  • Robin is an Indian player.
  • Sushi is an Asian player.
  • I love Chinese food

DEGREES OF COMPARISON

It is possible to compare descriptive adjectives. For making comparisons adjectives have different forms. These are called forms of degrees of comparison.

Adjectives have three forms of degrees of comparison.

1. Positive Degree

It is the basic or dictionary form of an adjective. It is used when no comparison is being made, but only the quality of some noun or a pronoun is being told.

Examples

  • Aslam is a tall boy.

‘Tall’ here is an adjective of the positive degree.

2. Comparative Degree

This form shows a higher degree of the quality of a noun or pronoun than the positive degree. It is used when the quality only of two nouns or pronouns is compared.

Example

  • John is taller than Joe.

‘Taller’ is the comparative degree form of ‘tall’. It has been used here because John is being compared with Joe, “Than” is always used after adjective in the comparative degree.

3. Superlative Degree

This form shows the highest degree of the quality of a noun or pronoun. It is used when more than two nouns or pronouns are compared, and one of them is said to possess some quality in the highest degree. Example

  • John is the tallest boy of the class.

‘Tallest’ is the superlative degree form of ‘tall’. It has been used here because John is compared with all the boys of the class.

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