Types of Noun in English Grammar pdf!
What is a noun in English Grammar?
A noun is the name of a person, place or a thing.
Types of Noun in English grammar
There are five kinds of nouns.
A proper noun is the name of a particular person, place or thing.
- The Holy Quran
A common noun is a noun that is used for every person, place, or thing of the same class or kind.
A collective noun is the name of a group or collection of similar persons or things considered as one complete whole.
A substance out of which things are made.
An abstract noun is the name of a quality, action or state.
Common nouns are of two kinds:
- Countable Nouns
- Uncountable Nouns
1. COUNTABLE COMMON NOUNS
These are used for persons, places and things which can be counted.
Countable nouns can be used in the plural number.
2. UNCOUNTABLE COMMON NOUNS
These are the names of things that cannot be counted.
They are used for material and abstract nouns. We can measure the quantity of milk, one kilo, but we cannot say ‘one milk’ or ‘two milks’.
We use articles ‘a’ or ‘an’ before countable common nouns. These articles must not be used before uncountable common nouns. We cannot say ‘a milk’. Similarly, numerals (one, two, three, four etc.) are also not used before uncountable nouns. We cannot say ‘one milk’ or two milk’. But we say ‘one kilo of milk’ or two kilos of milk’.
Names of ideas are also uncountable nouns. They the article a/an the before them.
When a Collective noun refers to the members of the group individually, it takes a plural verb.
“The jury were divided in their opinions.”
Abstract, Collective, Material and Proper Nouns can be used as common Nouns: as
- Shakespeare is a great dramatist. (Proper Noun)
- John is the Shakespeare of Pakistan. (Common Noun)
- Imran Khan is the Captain of our team. (Collective Noun)
- All the teams assembled at the National Stadium. (Common Noun)
- This building is made of brick and stone. (Material Noun)
- The angry crowd pelted bricks and stones at the police. (Common Noun)
- Beauty is a nine-day’s wonder. (Abstract Noun)
Abstract Nouns are used as Collective nouns when they are used to convey the sense of a collective group.
The youth of the country is going astray.
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